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Early Bronze Age


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Iron Age


Roman Rule over Israel

Biblical Text Dates

World Events

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 2200 BCE
  2166 BCE - 1991 BCE: Abram/Abraham

Abraham is the supreme example of obedience to Yahweh and the founder of the Hebrew nation

  2050 BCE: Abraham offers Isaac
   2006 BCE - 1859 BCE: Jacob

Twin brother of Esau, Jacob stole his brother's birthright. He was the father of twelve sons, eponymous ancestors of Israel's twelve tribes.

    1915 BCE - 1805 BCE: Joseph

Son of Jacob and Rachel, who aroused his ten brothers' jealousy and was sold into slavery and taken to Egypt, where aided by his ability to interpret dreams, he rose to power second only to that of Pharaoh.

     1850 BCE - 1700 BCE: Hebrews living nomadically under Biblical patriarchs

Patriarchs include Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob

     1760 BCE: Beginning of alphabetic writing
     1700 BCE: Code of Hammurabi
     1700 BCE: Israelites move to Egypt

During the time of Joseph

 1600 BCE
  1526 BCE - 1406 BCE: Moses

Adopted by Pharaoh's daughter and raised as an Egyptian. The great Hebrew lawgiver, brother of Miriam and Aaron. He married Zipporah.

   1485 BCE - 1375 BCE: Joshua

The son of Nun, an Ephraimite, succeeded Moses and led Israelites into Canaan.

   1446 BCE: Israelite exodus from Egypt
 1300 BCE
 1250 BCE: Israelite exodus from Egypt
 1200 BCE
 1100 BCE
 1085 BCE: 21st Dynasty in Egypt

Power splits between Upper and Lower Egypt

 1050 BCE: Saul is Israel's first king, establishment of monarchy
 1000 BCE: David enthroned as King of Israel
 950 BCE: The temple in Jerusalem is built by King Solomon
  950 BCE - 850 BCE: Yahwist source is written (found in the present Torah)
  922 BCE: Israel's kingdom is split in two: Northern Israel and Southern Judah
  922 BCE: In Israel, the Northern Kingdom, the Davidic line stops with Jeroboam I
  895 BCE: King Asa of Judah initiates temple reforms (2 Chronicles 15:8-15)
  880 BCE: King Omri establishes Samaria as the capital of the Northern Kingdom - not sure of date (I Kings 16:23-24)
  862 BCE: Elijah rises as Israel's first independent prophet (I Kings 17)
   860 BCE - 840 BCE: Elijah and Elisha denounce Canaanite practices and advocate God and worship of him only
   852 BCE: Elisha, Elijah's successor rises as a prophet (I Kings 19:19-22)
    850 BCE - 750 BCE: Homer and Hesiod, Greek poets, articulate who the Greek gods are
    812 BCE: King Joash of Judah initiates temple reforms
     800 BCE - 750 BCE: Elohist source composed (found in the present Torah)
     776 BCE: Olympic Games begin in Greece
     750 BCE: Amos and Hosea, prophets, prophesy in Israel
  740 BCE - 701 BCE: Isaiah speaks his prophecies warning Jerusalem of Assyriaís threat to Judah
  721 BCE: The Northern 10 tribes of Israel are destroyed by the Assyrians; Isaiah prophesies in Judah
   700 BCE - 621 BCE: most of Deuteronomy written
    630 BCE - 609 BCE: Zephaniah compiled
     621 BCE - 609 BCE: first editions of Joshua, Judges, 1-2 Samuel, and 1-2 Kings are written
     621 BCE: first canonization - Huldah authorizes early edition of Deuteronomy
     621 BCE: King Josiah begins his reforms to serve Yahweh only; after early parts of Deuteronomy is discovered
      609 BCE - 598 BCE: Habbakuk speaks his prophecies about the Babylonian threat
 587 BCE: Under King Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonians destroy Jerusalem which ends Davidís royal dynasty
 586 BCE: Southern 2 tribes of Judah fall to the Babylonians
 580 BCE: Baruch compiles Jeremiah's oracles
 550 BCE: Beginning of priestly revisions/insertions
  538 BCE - 330 BCE: Persia rules Judah
   500 BCE - 400 BCE: book of Job constructed
    499 BCE - 479 BCE: Persian War
     490 BCE - 400 BCE: Malachi, Joel, Jonah compiled; Ruth written
      450 BCE - 400 BCE: final priestly revision of legal matters in Torah
       427 BCE - 347 BCE: Plato

Greek philosopher, founded the Academy of Athens in 387. Platoism was later used by some early Christian apologetics in the defense of Christianity.

       400 BCE: Proverbs compiled
        400 BCE - 300 BCE: Torah canonized; Esther, Chronicles, Exra-Nehemiah composed; Ecclesiastes compiled
         323 BCE - 146 BCE: Hellenistic Age
         250 BCE: Greek translation of the Torah (beginning of the Septuagint)
          200 BCE - 100 BCE: Canonization of prophets
          197 BCE: Rise of the Roman Empire
           167 BCE - 164 BCE: Maccabean revolt begins
           165 BCE: Daniel written
            142 BCE - 63 BCE: Maccabean kings rule Judah
            63 BCE: Judea becomes part of the Roman Empire
  5 BCE - 6 BCE: Birth of Jesus Christ
  5 BCE - 30 CE: Jesus' Life on Earth
   0 CE
   26 CE - 29 CE: John the Baptist's ministry period
   26 CE: Jesus Baptized by John the Baptist
   30 CE: Jesus is crucified, dies, and is resurrected
   30 CE: Pentecost (Acts 2)
 32 CE: Saul leads persecution against believers (Acts 6-8)
 32 CE: Martyrdom of Stephen (Acts 6-8)
 33 CE: Conversion of Saul of Tarsus (Acts 8-9)
 38 CE: Peter baptizes the first Gentile (Acts 10)
  48 CE - 49 CE: Paul's First Missionary Journey
  50 CE: 1 and 2 Thessalonians written
  50 CE - 54 CE: Paul's Second Missionary Journey
   54 CE - 68 CE: Nero is Emperor

Persecution occurred under his rule.

    54 CE - 58 CE: Paul's Third Missionary Journey
     54 CE - 55 CE: 1 and 2 Corinthians written
      56 CE - 57 CE: Romans written
      56 CE: Galatians written
       58 CE - 68 CE: Paul's Final Missionary Journey and Martyrdom
       61 CE: Colossians and Philippians written
       62 CE: Philemon written
        66 CE - 70 CE: Mark written
         70 CE - 130 CE: Jewish scholars standardize a Hebrew text
         70 CE: Destruction of the Jerusalem Temple by the Romans
          80 CE - 85 CE: Matthew written
           85 CE - 95 CE: Luke-Acts, Hebrews, 1 Peter, Ephesians, James, John written
            95 CE - 100 CE: Johannine letters written
            95 CE: Revelation written
             110 CE - 130 CE: 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus written
              130 CE - 150 CE: Jude, 2 Peter written
 200 CE
 300 CE
  306 CE - 337 CE: Constantine rules empire

Began as Augustus of the west and eventually ruled the entire empire.

  313 CE: Edict of Milan

Christianity was legalized in the Roman Empire.

  325 CE: Council of Nicaea

First ecumenical council.

 367 CE: Athanasius' Easter Letter - lists all NT books as canonical in the same order we have them today